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Ferrari F14T analysis


    The new Ferrari F14T carries inside its genes all changes forced by new technical regulations , some of which obliged designers to develop ugly in sight noses but aerodynamically most effective. Interesting spots on the new car are summarized below

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_008b small

1. New regulations force car’s nose tip to be no higher than 185 mm from reference plane. In Ferrari case the nose is built very low and flat, very different in philosophy from the high dolphin style thin nose tips seen on most  rival cars . Modern F1 cars require as greater empty space under the nose as possible, a trend decelerated  by constant regulation changes .

2. Front wing’s overall width  reduced from 180 mm to 165 mm. Updated versions are likely to be tested soon as all teams will work hard to regain back the lost downforce .

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_front wing

3. Nose camera height is also restricted by new regulations to be between 325mm and 525mm above reference plane . Ferrari winglets seems to pair aerodynamically with the low flat nose and suspension elements behind them .

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_nose camera

4. Nose vanes are  new , their shape and function depend highly on nose structure

5. Ferrari chassis starts relatively high and drops rapidly close to bulkhead to meet new regulation needs on lower height dimensions ( front bulkhead must be of 525 mm maximum height )

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_nose drop zone small

6.Pull rod front suspension remains.

7. Driver position is now lower, meaning better centre of gravity and driver’s visibility but in the same time less space under the nose and thus harmful for the car’s aerodynamic efficiency.

8. Highly aerodynamic mirrors able to manage airflow around cockpit zone. Ferrari used to revise mirror shape and position during season searching for the optimum configuration

9.Bargeboards in launch version are nothing but simplified copies of 2013 season, logically will be replaced by new more advanced ones

10.Interesting L shaped sidepod panels, help to restrict lift created by  sidepod body itself

12.Small inlet for cooling airbox itself

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_008 airbox

13. Airbox inlet now feeds the turbocharger system instead of engine heads, therefore is much smaller than last season

14. Additional small   inlet  on the engine cover , aids  cooling further

 Launch F14-T Ferrari_005 engine cover outlet

15. New greater needs for cooling not only for the engine but for turbo parts and ERS as well, that meaning larger internal multi-task radiators . The extension of black color  around all the rear bodywork ( if it was red there is always a possibility of seeing dark spots on surface, visually annoying, caused by overheating issues)  and the large opening at sidepod tail may well suggest that overheating issues are expected to arise .

16.Completely new much shorter Ferrari engine, turbocharged , V6 , 1.600 cc combined with KERS and TERS . Fuel tank capacity also reduced around 40-50 kg .

17. New 8 forward rations gearbox , replaced the previous 7-speed

18. Multiple holes on floor just in front of the rear wheels are also present like last season , stimulate the diffuser

19.Central single exhaust pipeline, blows above the gearbox in a drastic attempt of FIA to restrict exhaust blown diffusers

20. Rear wing is swallower by 20 mm due to new regulations . DRS (drag reduction system) is also more effective as the moving flap opening window is greater by 15 mm .

21.Double wavy pillars hold the rear wing on car’s body as the beam plane is forbidden by  2014 regulations . This concept is not new as former Honda and Toyota teams used to race with double wing pillars a few years ago.

  General estimations

  1. Weaker powerplants will force teams to reexamine car’s set up for high downforce and high speed tracks like Silverstone because they have now a shortage of power to sustain too high attack angles on wings.
  2. The shallower beamless rear wing and the less wide front wing alongside with the more effective DRS  will boost somehow the top speed , if of course the maximum power (engine and KERS) output is exploited
  3. The less downforce productive wings, the lower nose and the ban of blown diffusers will eventually slow down the car in fast turns .
  4. Pirelli tyres management, especially the rear, would still play a significant factor

All images credited to Ferrari F1 Team

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Ferrari 053


Ferrari tipo 053 2004

 

 

Chassis: F2004

Season: 2004

Total Displacement:2997cc

Configuration :V10

Cylinder angle :92°

Timing Gear:40, pneumatic distribution

Evolution :there were at least two evolutions of the engine , the 053B and 053C

Weight: 90-91  kg

Max. Power Output:880 – 920  bhp  18.800 – 19.100 rpm

Materials :  Aluminium

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed:Magneti Marelli digital electronic injection

Ignition:Magneti Marelli  static electronic ignition

Design: reliability extended to exceed 700 km, while conserving the required levels of performance and driveability

Engine rules change in 2004: a driver should use only one unit per racing weekend

Ferrari 052


Ferrari tipo 052 2003

 

Chassis:  F2003GA

Season: 2003

Total Displacement:2997cc

Configuration :V10

Cylinder angle :92° , wider than the 051 and thus of lower COG

Timing Gear:40, pneumatic distribution, had lighter valves and of  higher pressure to work better with new higher engine revs,

Weight: 85 kg , 90-91 kg with ballast

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec : 900-930 bhp ,  near 19,000 rpm , 200-300 rpm higher than the 051 at the start of the season

Max. Power Output Race-spec :

Manufacture: shorter cylinder heads and lowered , new crankcase design, the engine block is completely new and manufactured by microfusion

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed:Magneti Marelli

Ignition:Magneti Marelli

Ferrari 051


Ferrari F051 2002

 

Chassis: F2002

Season: 2002

Total Displacement:2997 cc

Configuration :V10

Cylinder angle :90°

Timing Gear:40 valves

Weight: 95 kg

Engine Evolution :   051B  and  051C

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec : 860 – 880 bhp , 18.000 – 18.600 rpm

Max. Power Output Race-spec :   835 – 840  bhp ,  17.800 – 18.100 rpm

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed:Magneti Marelli

Ignition:Magneti Marelli

    The 051 was a refined 050 and it  had a very low centre of gravity and greater horsepower .

Ferrari 050


Ferrari F050 2001

Chassis: F2001

Season: 2001

Total Displacement:2997 cc

Configuration :V10

Cylinder angle :90°

Timing Gear:40 valves

Evolution :there were at least two evolutions of the engines the 050B and 050C

Dimensions :  smaller than the 049

Weight: 94 kg

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec : 835 – 850  bhp ,   18.000 – 18.500 rpm

Max. Power Output Race-spec :   810 – 842 bhp , over 18.000 rpm

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed: Magneti Marelli digital electronic injection

Ignition: Magneti Marelli digital electronic ingition

Ferrari 049


ferrari logo

Chassis: F1-2000

Season: 2000

Total Displacement:2,997 cc

Configuration :V10

Cylinder angle :90°

Timing Gear:pneumatic valve gear, 40 valves

Valvesprings: Pnuematic pressurised to 200 bar

Evolution :there were at least two evolutions of the engines the 049B and 049C

Dimensions :  aprox. 600 mm l

Length: 615 to flywheel
Width: 597.6
Height: 365.5

Bore: 96.0
Stroke: 41.4
Conrod: 110.0
Compression ratio: 12.0 to 1

Weight: 100 kg ,  106kg with clutch

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec : 810-830 bhp , 17.800 rpm

Max. Power Output Race-spec :   over 800 bhp , 17.500 rpm

Materials : die-cast aluminium

Cylinder block: Investment cast aluminium, 7 percent silicon
Cylinder head: Sand cast aluminium
Rocker covers: Investment cast aluminium
Liners: Wet type, nikasil coated alloy
Crankshaft: Vacuum cast extruded billet

Pistons: Mahle forging
Aluminium/beryllium (later banned)
Connecting rod: Forged titanium

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed: Magneti Marelli digital electronic injection

Ignition: Magneti Marelli digital electronic ignition

Ferrari 048


ferrari logo

Chassis: Ferrari F399

Season: 1999

Total Displacement:2,997 cc

Configuration :V10 , 2 camshafts per bank (4OHC)

Cylinder angle : 80°

Timing Gear:40 valves

Evolution :there were at least two evolutions of the engines the 048B and 048C

Weight: 048  112-114 kg  ,   048B 107 kg  , 048C 105 kg

Dimensions :  625 mm l / 542 mm w / 380 mm h ,   the 048C was by 5 mm shorter

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec 048 :    800 – 805 bhp , 16.800 rpm

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec 048B :    815 – 820 bhp , over 16.900 rpm

Max. Power Output Qualifying-spec 048C :    830 – 840 bhp , max revs 17.300 rpm

Max. Power Output Race-spec :   780 – 790 bhp , aprox. 17.000 rpm

Materials :  Beryllium and Barium alloys

Fuel & Lubricant:Shell

Fuel Feed:Magneti Marelli digital electronic injection

Ignition:Magneti Marelli static

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